Police Response to Violence Against Women - VAW

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Police Response to Violence Against Women - VAW

The IACP's Police Response to Violence Against Women library includes tools, resources, and policies to assist law enforcement in responding effectively to human trafficking, sexual assault, domestic and sexual violence by police officers, stalking, strangulation, domestic violence, and other crimes of intimate partner violence.

Sexual Violence

Sexual Assault Incident Reports: Investigative Strategies 

These guidelines and interview strategies are based upon national best practices regarding sexual assault incident investigations and were developed in collaboration with local, state, and federal law enforcement, prosecutors, advocates, medical, and forensic professionals. The goal of these guidelines is to support officers and departments in preparing sexual assault cases for successful prosecution through detailed case documentation and thorough investigations.

Sexual Assault Response Policy and Training Content Guidelines

The IACP created the Sexual Assault Response Policy and Training Content Guidelines to support law enforcement agencies with the development of comprehensive sexual assault policies. The Policy and Training Guidelines document includes procedure and policy recommendations that address various levels of law enforcement response from dispatch to supervisors, as well as collaborating with community partners.

Sexual Assault Incident Reports: Pocket Tip Card 

This pocket tip card for officers is a convenient, portable resource to accompany the IACP's Sexual Assault Incident Reports: Investigative Strategies

Sexual Assault Supplemental Report Form

The Sexual Assault Supplemental Report Form is to be used for the reporting, recording, and investigation of all sexual assault incidents. The form supports the comprehensive documentation of information and evidence relevant to sexual assault cases in order to better support victims and hold perpetrators accountable. 

Response to Sexual Assault Report Review Checklist 

The crimes of violence against women, including sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking, are complex and can pose challenges to responding officers. Oftentimes, significant details are missed and necessary elements to document these crimes are left out of reports. In order to support law enforcement first-line supervisors as they review reports for stalking, strangulation, sexual assault, domestic violence, and protection order violations, the IACP created five violence against women Report Review Checklists.

Responding to Sexual Violence in LGBTQ+ Communities: Law Enforcement Strategies and Considerations

Drawing from promising practices and innovative initiatives of law enforcement agencies throughout the nation, the IACP Responding to Sexual Violence in LGBTQ+ Communities: Law Enforcement Strategies and Considerations document is of particular importance to building and sustaining trust and relationships with LGBTQ+ communities.

Bringing Sexual Assault Offenders to Justice Roll-Call Training Video

IACP’s sexual assault roll-call training video “Bringing Sexual Assault Offenders to Justice” was developed to expand our law enforcement educational efforts on the crime of sexual assault and accompany the IACP Sexual Assault Investigative Strategies guidance and Supplemental Report Form.

Addressing Sexual Offenses and Misconduct by Law Enforcement: Executive Guide

Members of law enforcement are in a unique and visible position in the communities they serve. They are entrusted with the authority to enforce laws and protect the civil rights of citizens. Sexual offenses and misconduct implicating law enforcement represent a grave abuse of this authority. It is imperative that executives prepare to proactively address and prevent incidents through agency mission, policy, and training. The  Executive Guide addresses criminal offenses as well as non-criminal sexual conduct that is inappropriate, unprofessional, and damaging to the public confidence in a department.

 

Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence

Intimate Partner Violence Response Policy and Training Content Guidelines

The IACP created the Intimate Partner Violence Response Policy and Training Guidelines to provide essential background material, supporting details, and suggested elements on intimate partner violence in order to support agency development of comprehensive training content and policy.

The Crime of Domestic Violence Roll-Call Video 

IACP’s domestic violence training video “The Crime of Domestic Violence” was developed to present law enforcement and partners with information to strengthen the response to victims of domestic violence.

Protecting Victims of Domestic Violence: A Law Enforcement Officer's Guide to Enforcing Orders of Protection Nationwide

In 1994, Congress enacted the full faith and credit provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) [18 U.S.C. § 2265-66]. The federal law directs jurisdictions to give full faith and credit to valid orders of protection issued by other jurisdictions. This document provides guidance to officers on enforcing these orders of protection.

Officer Safety Considerations for Domestic Violence Calls

As part of its continuing focus on officer safety and wellness, IACP has partnered with the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice to develop a webinar that examines the officer safety considerations that arise when responding to a domestic violence call.

Report Review Checklists

Response to Domestic Violence

Response to Non-Lethal Strangulation

Response to Protection Order Violations

Response to Sexual Assault

Response to Stalking

Podcasts

Domestic Violence Safety and Accountability Audit

Predominant Aggressor Determination

 

 

Identifying and Preventing Gender Bias

Identifying and Preventing Gender Bias infographic

This infographic outlines key concepts central to understanding the intersection of gender bias and response to gender-based violence, such as sexual violence, domestic/intimate partner violence, and stalking. 

Balancing the Scales of Justice Webinar Series

The IACP’s “Balancing the Scales of Justice” webinar series was developed as part of the Enhancing Community Trust: Proactive Approaches to Domestic and Sexual Violence program funded by the Department of Justice (DOJ), Office on Violence Against Women (OVW). This webinar series will outline what gender bias is, its impacts on domestic and sexual violence investigations, and strategies for leaders to identify and address it within their agencies.

 

 

 

Body-Worn Cameras and Violence Against Women

National Forum on Body-Worn Cameras and Violence Against Women

These documents compile the deliberations and considerations of the IACP National Forum on Body-Worn Cameras and Violence Against Women, a multidisciplinary, national forum on creating effective victim-centered body-worn camera policies and programs for law enforcement. 

Webinars

Policy and Program Development

Victim Safety and Confidentiality

Vulnerable Populations and Community Trust

 

Management and Supervision

Sexual Assault Response Policy and Training Content Guidelines

The IACP created the Sexual Assault Response Policy and Training Content Guidelines to support law enforcement agencies with the development of comprehensive sexual assault policies. The Policy and Training Guidelines document includes procedure and policy recommendations that address various levels of law enforcement response from dispatch to supervisors, as well as collaborating with community partners.

Intimate Partner Violence Response Policy and Training Content Guidelines

The IACP created the Intimate Partner Violence Response Policy and Training Guidelines to provide essential background material, supporting details, and suggested elements on intimate partner violence in order to support agency development of comprehensive training content and policy.

Addressing Sexual Offenses and Misconduct by Law Enforcement

Members of law enforcement are in a unique and visible position in the communities they serve. They are entrusted with the authority to enforce laws and protect the civil rights of citizens. Sexual offenses and misconduct implicating law enforcement represent a grave abuse of this authority. It is imperative that executives prepare to proactively address and prevent incidents through agency mission, policy, and training. The  Executive Guide addresses criminal offenses as well as non-criminal sexual conduct that is inappropriate, unprofessional, and damaging to the public confidence in a department.

Officer Safety Considerations for Domestic Violence Calls

This webinar examines the complexities and challenges that may be faced by officers when interacting with offenders, victims, and witnesses, identifies tactics and protocols for increasing officer, victim, and civilian safety, and presents quantitative research and case studies to demonstrate the possible dangers of responding to and managing on-scene investigations of domestic violence calls.

Sexual Assault Supplemental Report Form

The Sexual Assault Supplemental Report Form is to be used for the reporting, recording, and investigation of all sexual assault incidents. The form supports the comprehensive documentation of information and evidence relevant to sexual assault cases in order to better support victims and hold perpetrators accountable. 

Report Review Checklists

Response to Domestic Violence

Response to Non-Lethal Strangulation

Response to Protection Order Violations

Response to Sexual Assault

Response to Stalking

 

Human Trafficking

Roll-Call Training Video

This three-part roll-call training video provides law enforcement and their partners with information so that they can effectively identify and respond to human trafficking crimes.

Law Enforcement Guide to Identification and Investigation

The Crime of Human Trafficking: A Law Enforcement Guide to Identification and Investigation includes information on federal law, tools for identification, investigation and response, and resources for victim assistance. Recognizing the international nature of human trafficking and the limited language resources and interpretation capabilities facing many police departments, IACP has translated the guidebook into Spanish.

IACP Resolutions

In response to some of the critical issues facing law enforcement regarding violence against women, the IACP has passed numerous resolutions to help navigate and address these complex crimes. These resolutions not only drive the work done by the IACP, but present strong recommendations for actions that should be taken by law enforcement and their partners to best support victims and hold offenders accountable.

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