Anti-Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance
Human trafficking is one of the world’s fastest growing criminal activities, operating on the same scale as the illegal trade of guns and drugs.
Beyond the Basics: Advancing Human Trafficking Investigations and Prosecutions: This is a free, in-person, 2.5-day advanced human trafficking training taking place in Cincinatti, Ohio, from June 13th–June 15th, 2023. This event is for law enforcement, prosecutors, and crime analysts to provide innovative, practical, and trauma-informed strategies to enhance victim-centered responses, and offender-focused investigations and prosecutions.
Please fill out a registration form with your interest.
Considerations for Recording Human Trafficking Victim Interviews
This document provides information for multidisciplinary anti-human trafficking task forces to consider the advantages and disadvantages of recording human trafficking victim interviews. This guide discusses five interview goals including building trust and rapport, minimizing re-traumatization, gathering information and establishing the elements of the crime, determining credibility, and supporting prosecution. The document also touches on promising practices for informed consent when recording or not recording victim interviews.
MAXIMIZING JUSTICE: Building a Prosecution Review Process
This document assists multidisciplinary anti-human trafficking task forces to develop a process that details how they will work with local, state, and federal prosecutors to conduct case reviews and referrals for both state and federal prosecutions. This guidance helps stakeholders to evaluate federal and state criminal justice systems in order to make informed decisions on the most effective route to pursue prosecution based on a thorough analysis of each legal system’s statutes, policies, and procedures.
Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force Protocol Development Checklists
The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) offers a toolkit of Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) protocol development checklists that provide a list of items human trafficking task forces should consider when developing protocols specific to their local task force. These checklists encompass best practices, a trauma-informed and victim-centered approach, and are guided by the ECM, directing the development and implementation of strong and effective protocols.
About the Enhanced Collaborative Model
This document provides a brief overview of the U.S. Department of Justice Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking program, highlights successes from participating human trafficking task forces, and summarizes IACP’s training and technical assistance resources.
Development & Operations Roadmap for Multidisciplinary Anti-Human Trafficking Task Forces
Developing a multidisciplinary anti-human trafficking task force is a process that requires significant time, attention, and intention. In recognition of the challenges involved in this process, the roadmap provides new and experienced anti-human trafficking task forces alike with guidance to assess and plan task force development from start to sustainability.
IACPlearn – Anti-Human Trafficking Webinars and Training
IACPlearn is your hub for all on-demand and live virtual learning such as training, webinars, and podcasts. Webinars and training on topics including identifying, investigating and prosecuting multiple forms of human trafficking and operating a collaborative, multidisciplinary human trafficking task force can be found on this platform.
Online peer-to-peer sharing community exclusively for DOJ-funded ECM Human Trafficking Task Forces. Here you will be able to connect with fellow Task Force members, participate in discussion, view weekly spotlights, share and find resources, network with other members, and make suggestions for what you want to see in the community.
Child Sex Trafficking Tools For Law Enforcement
Child sex trafficking involves a number of complex crimes requiring law enforcement to collaborate with multiple community partners to identify and respond to child victims, while holding accountable those who are responsible for their exploitation. This includes working closely with prosecutors, schools, victim service providers, parole and probation, juvenile justice departments, child welfare agencies, and members of the community. This project aims to assist law enforcement leaders in adopting effective multidisciplinary approaches to address child sex trafficking in their communities.
Human Trafficking Law Enforcement Training Guidebook
The Crime of Human Trafficking: A Law Enforcement Guide to Identification and Investigation includes information on federal law, tools for identification, investigation and response, and resources for victim assistance. Recognizing the international nature of human trafficking and the limited language resources and interpretation capabilities facing many police departments, IACP has translated the guidebook into Spanish.
The Crime of Human Trafficking: Roll-Call Training Video
This three-part roll-call training video provides law enforcement and their partners with information so that they can effectively identify and respond to human trafficking crimes. The segments include Defining the Crime, Identifying and Responding, and Investigating and Interviewing.
The Crime of Human Trafficking: A Law Enforcement Guide Discussion Questions
This discussion guide is designed to reinforce key information contained in the roll call training video and assist officers in applying this knowledge to their local community. To increase the impact of this video, please use in conjunction with the IACP guidebook, The Crime of Human Trafficking: A Law Enforcement Guide to Identification and Investigation. The page numbers following each question reference pages in the guidebook where more information can be found.
Training Key: Human Trafficking Update (IACP members only)
Human trafficking is a global phenomenon that involves obtaining or maintaining the labor or services of another through the use of force, fraud, or coercion in violation of an individual’s human rights. In order to combat it, law enforcement must be aware of the signs that indicate that trafficking may be occurring in their communities. This training key defines multiple forms of human trafficking and details strategies for identifying and investigating human trafficking crimes.
About IACP’s Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Programs
National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) Program for Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) Task Forces
The IACP, in collaboration with AEquitas, ICF Inc., the National District Attorneys Association (NDAA), the National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C), and the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), aims to increase the organizational capacity of ECM anti-human trafficking task forces and professionals in policing, prosecution, victim services, and related fields to better identify victims, provide services, and successfully investigate and prosecute cases at all levels.
The IACP will leverage innovative techniques and promising practices to:
promote trauma-informed and victim-centered investigative and prosecutorial techniques;
address core task force operational topics impacting ECM task forces that span across multisector audiences;
foster peer engagement and learning opportunities across ECM task forces; and
support law enforcement to establish the trust of persons subjected to human trafficking and encourage participation with investigative efforts.
Through the National Human Trafficking TTA Program, IACP provides an array of web-based and in-classroom training for anti-human trafficking professionals. If you have any questions regarding the resources listed below, please contact the IACP Anti-Human Trafficking team at humantrafficking@theIACP.org. The IACP currently offers, or is developing, the following resources:
Open-Access Resources (grant program affiliation not required)
Webinar Series, a series of educational webinars covering a wide range of topics in combating human trafficking. You can find our existing library of webinars on our online learning portal, IACPlearn and check our Upcoming Events section above for upcoming webinars in the series.
Facts in a Flash Videos (in development), a series of informational video briefs on quick-bite topics related to human trafficking. These videos will be accompanied by suggested discussion prompts for teams and task forces to use for internal and external training presentations.
The Leadership Institute to Combat Human Trafficking, a two-day, in-person event that will leverage police and prosecutorial leadership roles to make organizational change by developing and refining human trafficking responses. The pilot event is on August 29th- 30th, 2022 in Washington, D.C.! This event is invite-only. If you would like to be considered, please email us at humantrafficking@theIACP.org.
Beyond the Basics: Advancing Human Trafficking Investigations & Prosecutions training, a 2.5-day classroom training curriculum addressing investigation resources and methods; trauma-informed interviewing; working with victims of human trafficking; and key partnerships and strategies for successful prosecutions. Expected to launch Summer 2022.
Walk in Your Shoes (in development), a multidisciplinary scenario-based training in which participants will “walk in the shoes” of professionals in professional roles other than their own to consider shared challenges and strategies to overcome them from alternate perspectives. Expected to launch Summer 2023.
Effective Strategies to Investigate and Prosecute Labor Trafficking in the United States, an engaging 2.5-day in-depth training designed to prepare participants to identify, investigate, and prosecute labor trafficking crimes. This course will enable investigators and prosecutors to proactively identify victims of labor trafficking and effectively investigate and prosecute offenders, using best practices and a trauma-centered approach. No events are currently scheduled at this time.
Dedicated Resources for Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)-funded Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) grantees
Task Force Connect, an online community exclusively for DOJ-funded ECM task force members. Task Force Connect provides an opportunity for law enforcement, service providers, task force coordinators, and other anti-human trafficking professionals to connect with each other and exchange ideas and information. Membership open only for ECM task force members.
ECM Human Trafficking Task Force Peer-to-Peer Exchange Program, a field-based learning opportunity that allows ECM task forces to connect with peers who exemplify innovative and promising practices in anti-human trafficking investigations, prosecutions, and victim response. Apply now by filling out the Peer-to-Peer Exchange Program application.
Advanced Seminar Series, a series of small-group facilitated discussion events. These discussion sessions will encourage participants to develop new thoughts and perspectives on various issues related to the anti-human trafficking field. Open only for ECM task force members.
Please check our Upcoming Events section at the top of this page to stay up to date with events upcoming on our training calendar.
Project Roadmap is a partnership between ICF Inc., IACP, and OVC to provide technical assistance (TA) to ECM Task Forces to combat human trafficking, based on the approach detailed in the Development & Operations Roadmap for Multidisciplinary Anti-Human Trafficking Task Forces. Through coaching and mentoring, Project Roadmap supports ECM task forces in developing and strengthening the key building blocks that lead to successful collaboration, victim services, investigations, and prosecutions. Project Roadmap uses a dynamic, three-level TA strategy to meet the needs of individual ECM task forces and keep apprised of the immediate and future needs of key stakeholders, specific disciplines, and the field at-large.
Project Roadmap provides targeted TA to ECM Task Forces through:
Dedicated support of Task Force Liaisons, professionals with practical experience in law enforcement, prosecutions, multidisciplinary team management, and victim services.
Field coaching sessions, led by experienced professionals in each of the four core disciplines of an ECM task force: law enforcement, prosecution, victim services, and task force coordination.
Remote and on-site custom technical assistance
National and regional convenings
Preventing Human Trafficking and Child Exploitation Through Education Partnerships
The National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C), in collaboration with the IACP and the National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO), has developed the TraffickSTOP (Signs to Observe and Prevent) program―a human trafficking identification and prevention curriculum for high school students. With support from the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), NW3C and partners developed a toolkit with curriculum and resources. The toolkit will be available nationwide in 2024, with accompanying training for law enforcement representatives to deliver the curriculum in their local schools.
The TraffickSTOP program uses a multidisciplinary approach, incorporating members of the OVC’s Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) Task Forces to Combat Human Trafficking program, school resource officers, other law enforcement, social service providers, victim advocates, guidance counselors, students, and other community stakeholders. Each discipline offers its unique perspective and expertise. This multidisciplinary approach will increase awareness and prevent victimization, providing students with many prevention tools and a well-rounded knowledge of human trafficking and exploitation.
Building Agency Capacity: A Toolkit for Human Trafficking Investigations
The IACP, with support from the Office for Victims of Crime, is developing a toolkit to improve the ability of state, local, and tribal law enforcement to identify victims of all forms of human trafficking and related offenses and to investigate and prosecute such offenses. The IACP is collaborating with subject matter experts and law enforcement agencies in the field to identify priorities and develop a set of innovative resources to address gaps in knowledge and training, strengthen programming, build capacity, solve problems, and model new victim-centered and trauma-informed approaches to identify and investigate human trafficking cases. This project will:
- Enhance agency capacity to identify, investigate, and prosecute human trafficking cases
- Support agencies to assess their existing capacities, practices, and policies
- Coach agencies in action planning and policy creation
- Guide agencies to establish a human trafficking unit or to build investigative and operational capacity when a unit is not feasible
For more information, please contact the IACP Anti-Human Trafficking team at humantrafficking@theIACP.org.
Enhanced Collaborative Model Human Trafficking Task Force Map
U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime (OVC): Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Resources
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (OJP): Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center
Office for Victim of Crimes Training and Technical Assistance Center
“Understanding Human Trafficking” Training Series
National Criminal Justice Training Center
“Faces of Human Trafficking” Video Series
Human Trafficking Task Force e-Guide
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC)
National Human Trafficking Resource Center
U.S. Department of State: Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center
U.S. Department of State: Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS): Human Trafficking “Blue Campaign”
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Human Trafficking
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking
Reporting Human Trafficking
If you are a victim of human trafficking, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC), which operates 24-hours, 7-days-a-week, at 1-888-373-7888 or text BeFree (233733). The NHTRC is not a law enforcement or immigration authority and is operated by a nongovernmental organization. Their primary mission is to help human trafficking victims and survivors in accessing services and safety.
- To report suspected human trafficking to law enforcement, call Homeland Security Investigations at 1-866-DHS-2ICE (1-866-347-2423) or 1-802-872-6199 (international), or online at www.ice.gov/tips.
- Contact your local Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) office directly or online at https://tips.fbi.gov.
- Report child sexual exploitation on the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) CyberTipline at http://www.missingkids.com/cybertipline or 1-800-THE-LOST.
- Contact your local law enforcement agency or anti-human trafficking task force in your area.
This webpage is supported by Cooperative Agreement Numbers 2020-VT-BX-K002 and 15POVC-21-GK-03262-HT, awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this webpage are those of the contributors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.
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