Community-Based Crime Reduction Training and Technical Assistance

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Community-Based Crime Reduction Training and Technical Assistance

The Community-Based Crime Reduction Program supports data-driven, comprehensive, and community-oriented strategies to reduce crime and spur revitalization. 

Community-Based Crime Reduction

The Community-Based Crime Reduction (CBCR) Program is part of the Innovation Suite of research-driven programs at the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The program is designed to meet the unique needs of communities large and small with persistent crime problems. By focusing on concentrated hot spots of crime within communities, the CBCR Program directly supports the Department of Justice's priorities to reduce violent crime, dismantle gang activity, assist communities struggling with drug abuse, and support law enforcement agencies by integrating enforcement strategies into community-based crime reduction efforts.

The CBCR model is based on the principle that sustainable reductions in violent crime require collaboration among partners in the criminal justice system, service providers, and the communities they serve. Since 2012, the program has provided millions of federal dollars to almost 100 sites to bring together diverse local partners including law enforcement, prosecutors, researchers, municipal governments, service providers, community developers, and residents.

The IACP, working with the University of Cincinnati and University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and supported by BJA, provides training and technical assistance (TTA) for the CBCR sites. The IACP promotes collaboration for local CBCR sites between community stakeholders and law enforcement with the goal of identifying and reducing hot spot areas of criminal activity. 

CBCR Program Model

Place-Based Initiatives

CBCR provides a comprehensive approach to addressing the causes of crime and implementing sustainable changes as part of a larger crime reduction or revitalization strategy. CBCR sites target a specific geographic area within their communities known for high levels of serious and violent crime. Efforts to reduce crime are focused on where the crime is concentrated and rooted in broader revitalization strategies in order to most effectively direct resources and positively influence factors such as the concentration of high-risk residents, limited infrastructure, and the community's physical characteristics.


Building Trust, Partnerships, and Capacity

In order to implement CBCR successfully, sites take a comprehensive approach that targets hot spots and larger community challenges, which requires a strong set of partners and trust between them and the residents. Developing the capabilities of a cross-sector partnership, as well as the community, should be a key strategy of organizations pursuing comprehensive crime control and revitalization.

Data-Driven Efforts

In order to guide their program strategies, CBCR sites are strongly encouraged to work with local law enforcement and community stakeholders to conduct a broad examination of crime drivers in the target areas and consider appropriate innovative, data-driven strategies to address them. Collaborative local partnerships can help communities assess program implementation and intended program impacts, as well as identify gaps in services, strategies, and partners. Law enforcement agencies are required as the CBCR lead or partner for crime hot spot analysis to inform the strategies.


Community-Oriented

To catalyze and sustain change, there must be active involvement and leadership by neighborhood residents, community organizations, and community leaders in engaging criminal justice partners, including law enforcement, throughout the revitalization process. 

Resources

Below are resources that can help current and future CBCR sites identify the programmatic requirements to successfully implement crime reduction strategies in their communities.

CBCR Fact Sheet

The IACP has created a CBCR fact sheet that outlines the four core elements of the program and the areas where IACP can provide technical assistance to sites. Download it below.

CBCR Fact Sheet

CBCR Competitive Grant Announcements

CBCR funding has been awarded to almost 100 communities across the U.S. since FY2012. CBCR applicants should have established relationships in the community, demonstrated daily presence in their communities, and leaders in engagement efforts. Applicants should also have a demonstrated commitment and capacity to build trust, form partnerships and work collaboratively, and ensure community members have the right knowledge and skills to contribute meaningfully. The FY2018 and FY2019 CBCR solicitations can provide additional programmatic requirements to communities seeking future CBCR funding.

CBCR Action Plan Resources

As part of the CBCR program, sites are required to develop an action plan that describes the strategies they will take that align with the core elements of CBCR. Below are resources that can assist with formulating an action plan based on the work that took place during the planning phase.

The Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) also offers templates, white papers, and site profiles of former and current CBCR sites who are graduated or in the planning phases of the program.

Webinars

In order to enhance the four pillars of CBCR, the IACP facilitated several webinars around topics such as implementation science, violence reduction in hot spots, and action plan guidance.

Implementation Plan Guidance Webinar (9/19/2019): The IACP, in partnership with the Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice, hosted the this webinar with important information about creating and submitting implementation plans. The objectives of the Implementation Plan Guidance Webinar were to discuss the Implementation Plan Guidance Document; identify the steps for submitting an implementation plan; explain the implementation plan approval process; and answer questions regarding the implementation plan process. Click here to access the slides from this webinar.

You Can't Read the Label from Inside the Jar - 10 Disruptive Truth Bombs About Criminology, Implementation Science, and Real-World Organizational Change (10/7/2019): Dr. Glenn Tapia provides the 'real talk' necessary to think critically about the truths, lies, twists, and real-world trials about criminology, implementation science, and organizational change. Attendees will learn to think beyond the conventional norms about how to effect real organizational change. Attendees will also be given basic introduction to the 10 Essential Principles for Implementation Leadership, which are practically derived and scientifically supported approaches to leading real-world change in criminal justice settings. Click here to access the slides from the webinar.

Deterring and Reducing Opportunities for Violence in Hot Spots (10/24/2019): Dr. Tamara Herold, a crime scientist from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, discusses how CBCR sites can work with their partners to 1) describe or define their CBCR violent hot spot area; 2) explore evidence-based strategies that could be used to reduce violence in the community based on the hot spot definition; and 3) explore a newly developed strategy called "place network investigations" that can help sites generate long-term, sustainable violence reduction in the CBCR sites. Click here to access the slides from the webinar.

Innovative Community Engagement Strategies for Community-Based Crime Reduction (5/7/2020): In this webinar, Aqeela Sherrills, a senior project manager at the Alliance for Safety and Justice and a consultant for the IACP, discussed innovative community engagement strategies based on his breadth of experience implementing community-based violence reduction strategies and his critical role in developing the successful Newark Community Street Team. Aqeela provided participants with a brief history and overview of community-based violence reduction efforts, as well as the innovative techniques utilized by the Newark Community Street Team, with a particular focus on how to reach communities in the time of COVID-19 and stay-at-home orders. Click here to access the slides from the webinar.

Principled Policing - Procedural Justice and Implicit Bias (6/11/2020): The CBCR webinar series continues with "Principled Policing: Procedural Justice and Implicit Bias," presented by Captain Scott Meadors (retired) from the Stockton, California, Police Department. In this webinar, Captain Meadors discusses the four tenets of procedural justice: police legitimacy and community trust, focused intervention work, officer wellness, and implicit bias. He also covers implicit bias's impact on behavior. Click here to access the slides from the webinar.

Diagnosing and Addressing Criminal Justice Culture for the Purpose of Change and Implementation (7/9/2020): In this webinar, Glenn A. Tapia, Director of Leadership and Organizational Intelligence at the Alliance for Community and Justice Innovation, discusses how CBCR sites can utilize the IDEATE™ framework to change their team's culture to focus on implementation. Click here to access the slides from the webinar.

CBCR Monthly Bulletin

Every month, the IACP CBCR TTA team distributes the CBCR Bulletin to sites with project-related resources, news articles highlighting CBCR sites, and upcoming events and trainings. Click below to access the bulletins from each month.

Contact

For more information, please email cbcr@theiacp.org or 800-843-4227 ext. 815.

Project Partners

Project Support

This project is supported by Cooperative Agreement No. 2018-BJ-BX-K035 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions contained herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. References to specific agencies, companies, products, or services should not be considered an endorsement by the author(s) or the U.S. Department of Justice. Rather, the references are illustrations to supplement discussion of the issues. 

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