Identifying and Managing Risk

Targeted Violence/Active Threat

Identifying and Managing Risk

Identifying and managing risks are critical to protecting communities. Many targeted violence attacks are well thought out, and perpetrators tend to share information about their plans in the days and weeks before. Developing partnerships between schools, mental health providers, community organizations, and law enforcement agencies to increase information sharing and engage in threat assessments is vital to helping prevent active threats.

By increasing awareness to our surroundings and working collaboratively to determine and educate about warning signs and potential areas of threat, communities have an opportunity to prevent targeted violence attacks before they occur.




A Resource Guide to Improve Your Community’s Awareness and Reporting of Suspicious Activity: For Law Enforcement and Community Partners


The resources within this document support efforts across the United States to improve local communities’ ability to prevent terrorism and ultimately contribute to U.S. safety and security.

Lone Offender: A Study of Lone Offender Terrorism in the United States, 1972-2015


This report, released by the FBI’s Behavioral Threat Assessment Center, reviews 52 lone offender terrorist attacks committed within the United States between 1972 and 2015.

Making Prevention a Reality: Identifying, Assessing, and Managing the Threat of Targeted Attacks


This report, a practical guide on assessing and managing the threat of targeted violence, contains concrete strategies to help communities prevent these types of incidents.

Echoes of Columbine


This documentary explores the issue of school shootings and what schools, parents, and law enforcement can do to help prevent these attacks.

Enhancing School Safety Using a Threat Assessment Model: An Operational Guide for Preventing Targeted School Violence


This guide provides basic instructions for schools on creating a targeted violence prevention plan, the focus of which is to decrease the risk of students engaging in harm to themselves or the school community.

Attacks on Federal Government 2001-2013: Threat Assessment Considerations


This report builds on existing best practices that the U.S. Secret Service has established in the field of threat assessment by offering considerations for investigations, security practices, and other types of mitigation strategies to reduce the risk of incidents of targeted violence.

Task Force Report: Predicting Violent Behavior

DOD - Defense Science Board

This report conveys the findings and recommendations of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Predicting Violent Behavior.

Deconstructing Mass Public Shootings: Exploring Opportunities for Intervention

Rockefeller Institute of Government 

In this policy report, the authors argue that prevention requires us to refocus our attention from why to how mass public shootings happen.

Active Threat Preparedness: No One Can Prepare Your Facility Better Than You Can

Euclid Police Department

This booklet is being provided to assist facilities in creating a safety plan and develop employee training, but should not be a sole resource.

Identifying Potential Mass Shooters and Suicide Terrorists With Warning Signs of Suicide, Perceived Victimization, and Desires for Attention or Fame


Journal of Personality Assessment, Adam Lankford

This article provides a list of specific warning signs and reviews the evidence behind each one. Ultimately, an evidence-based approach to prevention could help save both the lives of many potential victims and the lives of the would-be attackers themselves.

Scroll to preview content. Please sign in to read and get access to more member only content.

IACP - Loader Animation IACP - Loader Animation IACP - Loader Animation