Coordinating Resources and Neutralizing the Threat

Targeted Violence/Active Threat

Coordinating Resources and Neutralizing the Threat

Crucial to the effective response by first responders to an active threat situation is the coordination of resources both within and across municipalities. A host of factors, including the speed at which decisions must be made, competing intelligence from various sources, and the general scope of the incident, make such scenarios incredibly complex and high-risk.

Using evidence-based practices, departments should analyze strategies for responding to active threats and ensure officers understand protocol. It is important that departments clearly define duties from within and ensure alignment between various units, such as patrol, SWAT, fire and emergency personnel, and dispatch. In addition, establishing an incident command system (ICS) can aid in centralizing communication, ensuring unity in effort, and providing timely and accurate information as the incident progresses.  




IACP Model Policy – Active Shooter


The purpose of this model policy is to provide protocols for assessing the threat and immediately responding during active shooter situations to limit serious injury or loss of life.

OVC Response Checklist


Checklist for law enforcement to use during their response to an active threat.

Mass Casualty Management Systems: Strategies and Guidelines for Building Health Sector Capacity


The guidelines set out in this document are designed to help policy makers, decision makers and emergency managers at all levels to overcome the gaps in health system preparedness for managing mass casualty incidents.

National Response Team Joint Information System Model: Collaborative Communications during Emergency Response

U.S. National Response Team

This document is intended for field use. Portions of this document were developed to stand on their own so that specific position descriptions and their corresponding sections may be removed from the NRT JIC Model and given to personnel filling these positions.

Basic Guidance for Public Information Officers (PIOs)


This publication provides operational practices for performing PIO duties within the Incident Command System (ICS). It offers basic procedures to operate an effective Joint Information System.

ICS Organizational Structure and Elements


This document outlines the organizational structure for incident command centers for expanding incidents.

Embracing the Incident Command System Above and Beyond Theory

FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, W. Michael Phibbs and Michael A. Snawder

This article highlights the importance of the ICS. 

Hybrid Targeted Violence: Challenging Conventional “Active Shooter” Response Strategies

Homeland Security Affairs, Tracy L. Frazzano and G. Matthew Snyder

This article introduces the HTV concept to challenge first responders to prepare for violent “hybrid” multi-threat incidents. These incidents may involve conventional weapons, the use of fire as a weapon, chemical weapons, and/or improvised explosives.

To Save Lives and Property: High Threat Response

Homeland Security Affairs, Michael Marino, John Delaney, Paul Atwater, and Reed Smith

This article highlights the importance of integrating Fire/EMS and law enforcement capabilities in preparing effectively for future threats and responding to atypical emergencies.

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