“NIBRS is the pathway to richer crime statistics that can improve our ability to address the important issues we face today. As we move forward, the transition from the SRS to the NIBRS is crucial to our success in providing better, more meaningful national crime data." FBI Director James B. Comey, in a letter to State Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program Managers regarding the FBI's Transition to a National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)-Only Data Collection, June 10, 2016. The full letter can be found HERE.
The National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) initiative, which is being spearheaded by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), with the support of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other Department of Justice agencies, such as the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), is undertaking efforts to expand the reporting of more detailed crime incident data among law enforcement agencies throughout the United States. BJS recently announced Phase IV funding for select state UCR/NIBRS programs, Phase V funding for select large law enforcement agencies (i.e., those over 750 sworn officers), and Phase VI funding for smaller and mid-sized law enforcement agencies. All three solicitations closed on June 30, 2017 and will be peer-reviewed and scored, and funding decisions will be forthcoming.
The goal of the NCS-X project is to increase the number of agencies that report data to the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) managed by the FBI so that nationally representative estimates of crime can be created. Research indicates that if an additional 400 scientifically selected law enforcement agencies could begin reporting NIBRS data, then nationally representative estimates regarding the nature of crime, criminality, victimization, and law enforcement operations could be generated, helping policy makers evaluate the needs of their communities, assess the impact of programs and initiatives, and guide public policy development and government investments.
A team of organizations, including the IACP, RTI International, the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), the Integrated Justice Information Systems (IJIS) Institute, and SEARCH, the National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics, is working with the BJS and the FBI to implement the NCS-X initiative. Activities include reaching out to all 50 states to learn more about their state summary and incident-based reporting Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) programs, making initial contacts with each of the 400 sampled law enforcement agencies, and introducing the NCS-X project to stakeholders in the law enforcement community. The benefit of the approach contemplated by the NCS-X program is that it leverages existing incident reporting programs and data standards to efficiently harvest automated, incident-based data to augment the NIBRS program for nationally representative estimates of crime.
Want to learn more about the project? Contact project staff here. To learn more about NIBRS, watch this new video released by the FBI on June 28, 2016: NIBRS 101
IACP/MCCA/NSA/MCSA Joint support for nibrs
The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), Major Cities Chiefs Association (MCCA), National Sheriffs' Association (NSA), and the Major County Sheriffs' Association (MCSA) released a joint statement supporting modernizing crime reporting and retiring the Summary UCR program by January 2021. The joint statement of support, which was issued on August 26, 2015 and can be found HERE, was subsequently echoed by the FBI's CJIS Advisory Policy Board (APB), and is referenced in the letter by FBI Director James B. Comey announcing the retirement of Summary UCR by 2021. In addition to this joint statement of support, the IACP also approved a resolution Modernizing Nationwide Crime Reporting and Updating Data to be Collected to More Accurately Reflect Current Crime and Other Data, Such as Use of Force By and Against Police, which was sponsored by the Research Advisory Committee, Victim Services Committee, CJIS Committee, and Communications & Technology Committee, and can be found HERE.
UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING
Crime incident reporting plays a vital role in supporting crime analysis and local law enforcement operations and deployment. In addition, incident reporting supports the collection and analysis of crime statistics for the United States at the national level. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program operated by the FBI includes both the Summary Reporting System (SRS) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). SRS and NIBRS are cooperative statistical reporting initiatives operated by the FBI that gather crime and arrest data from law enforcement agencies throughout the United States. The SRS collects monthly submissions of aggregate crime and arrest reports from local, state, and tribal law enforcement agencies, while the NIBRS program collects detailed incident-based data on an expanded range of offenses. Each year the FBI publishes several reports assessing crime in the United States.
In addition to the annual reports produced by the FBI, BJS also compiles, analyzes, and publishes research on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government.