National Crime StatisticS Exchange


“NIBRS is the pathway to richer crime statistics that can improve our ability to address the important issues we face today. As we move forward, the transition from the SRS to the NIBRS is crucial to our success in providing better, more meaningful national crime data."  FBI Director James B. Comey, in a letter to State Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program Managers regarding the FBI's Transition to a National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)-Only Data Collection, June 10, 2016. The full letter can be found HERE.

The National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) initiative, which is being spearheaded by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), with the support of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other Department of Justice agencies, such as the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), is undertaking efforts to expand the reporting of more detailed crime incident data among law enforcement agencies throughout the United States. BJS recently announced Phase II funding for state UCR/NIBRS programs, as well as Phase III funding for select large law enforcement agencies (i.e., those over 750 sworn officers). Both solicitations have closed and awards will be announced shortly. You can access information regarding the NCS-X program at the main BJS website

The goal of the NCS-X project is to increase the number of agencies that report data to the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) managed by the FBI so that nationally representative estimates of crime can be created. Research indicates that if an additional 400 scientifically selected law enforcement agencies could begin reporting NIBRS data, then nationally representative estimates regarding the nature of crime, criminality, victimization, and law enforcement operations could be generated, helping policy makers evaluate the needs of their communities, assess the impact of programs and initiatives, and guide public policy development and government investments. 

A team of organizations, including the IACPRTI International, the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), the Integrated Justice Information Systems (IJIS) Institute, and SEARCH, the National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics, is working with the BJS and the FBI to implement the NCS-X initiative. Activities include reaching out to all 50 states to learn more about their state summary and incident-based reporting Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) programs, making initial contacts with each of the 400 sampled law enforcement agencies, and introducing the NCS-X project to stakeholders in the law enforcement community. The benefit of the approach contemplated by the NCS-X program is that it leverages existing incident reporting programs and data standards to efficiently harvest automated, incident-based data to augment the NIBRS program for nationally representative estimates of crime.

Want to learn more about the project? Contact project staff here. To learn more about NIBRS, watch this new video released by the FBI on June 28, 2016:  NIBRS 101

IACP/MCCA/NSA/MCSA Joint support for nibrs

The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), Major Cities Chiefs Association (MCCA), National Sheriffs' Association (NSA), and the Major County Sheriffs' Association (MCSA) released a joint statement supporting modernizing crime reporting and retiring the Summary UCR program by January 2021. The joint statement of support, which was issued on August 26, 2015 and can be found HERE, was subsequently echoed by the FBI's CJIS Advisory Policy Board (APB), and is referenced in the letter by FBI Director James B. Comey announcing the retirement of Summary UCR by 2021.  In addition to this joint statement of support, the IACP also approved a resolution Modernizing Nationwide Crime Reporting and Updating Data to be Collected to More Accurately Reflect Current Crime and Other Data, Such as Use of Force By and Against Police, which was sponsored by the Research Advisory Committee, Victim Services Committee, CJIS Committee, and Communications & Technology Committee, and can be found HERE

UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING

Crime incident reporting plays a vital role in supporting crime analysis and local law enforcement operations and deployment. In addition, incident reporting supports the collection and analysis of crime statistics for the United States at the national level. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program operated by the FBI includes both the Summary Reporting System (SRS) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). SRS and NIBRS are cooperative statistical reporting initiatives operated by the FBI that gather crime and arrest data from law enforcement agencies throughout the United States. The SRS collects monthly submissions of aggregate crime and arrest reports from local, state, and tribal law enforcement agencies, while the NIBRS program collects detailed incident-based data on an expanded range of offenses. Each year the FBI publishes several reports assessing crime in the United States.

In addition to the annual reports produced by the FBI, BJS also compiles, analyzes, and publishes research on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government.



TOOLS/RESOURCES

 - FBI Director Comey: Transition to NIBRS-Only Data Collection

RFPs:
 - NCS-X Large Agency Solicitation (closed)
 - NCS-X State Solicitation (closed)

Agency Assessment Tools:
 - Agency Self-Assessment for COTS RMS
 - Agency Self-Assessment for In-House RMS
 - FBI NIBRS XML IEPD (downloads zip file)
 - FBI NIBRS Resources

Explaining NIBRS and Summary UCR Differences:
 - FBI NIBRS 101 Video (2016)
 - NCS-X Media Kit (2015)
 - Incident-Based Reporting: The Foundation for Effective Police Operations and Management (2014)
 - FBI Director James Comey's address at IACP (Oct 2015) (23.04 - 27.01)
 - Joint IACP/MCCA/MCSA/NSA Recommendation (2015)
 - IACP RAC/CJIS/Victims Services/C&T Resolution (2015)

Expected Changes in Crime Statistics:
 - FBI report on the effects of NIBRS on crime statistics (2014)

Planning Transition to NIBRS:
 - Importance of Quality, Timely, and Detailed Incident Data: Lessons Learned from Seattle PD (2014)

PARTNERs/Affiliates

NCS-X Partners
 - Bureau of Justice Statistics
 - Federal Bureau of Investigation
 - RTI International
 - Police Executive Research Forum
 - SEARCH, The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics
 - IJIS Institute

Other Affiliates
 - Association of State UCR Programs
 - National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
 - JRSA Status of NIBRS

Presentations & RESearch

Standard Functional Specifications for RMS, Version II

NIBRS Transition Meeting (2016)

ASUCRP Conference NCSX Presentation (2014)

Why Participating in NIBRS Is a Good Choice for Law Enforcement (2014)

FBI Report on the Effects of NIBRS on Crime Statistics (2014) (pdf)

Advances in Law Enforcement Information Technology Will Enable More Accurate, Actionable Analysis (2013)

An Analysis of Domestic Violence and Arrest Patterns in Vermont Using NIBRS Data (2012)

Assessing the Validity of Hate Crime Reporting: An Analysis of NIBRS Data (2011) (pdf)

Facilitating the Implementation of Incident-Based Data Systems (2005) (pdf)

Effects of NIBRS on Crime Statistics (2000) (pdf)

BJS report on impediments to NIBRS implementation (1997) (pdf)

Using NIBRS Data to Analyze Violent Crime (1993) (pdf)



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