These resources have been organized into the following major areas to help law enforcement with identity crime:
Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin—Identity Theft, 2004
This bulletin reports analyses from the National Crime Victimization Survey on the rise of the problem, number of victims, and dollar costs associated with the crimes. In 2004, one in 33 households discovered at least one type of identity theft during the previous six months.
FACTA, The Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act:
Consumers Win Some, Lose Some.
The Fair and Accurate Credit Transaction Act of 2003 (FACTA) added new sections to the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA, 15 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.), intended primarily to help consumers fight the growing crime of identity theft. Accuracy, privacy, limits on information sharing, and new consumer rights to disclosure are included in FACTA. (Pub. L. 108-159, 111 Stat. 1952)
Identity Crime: An Interactive Resource Guide (CD-ROM)
U.S. Secret Service
This CD-ROM provides a user-friendly, convenient tool to local and state law enforcement officials to increase understanding of identity crime, encourage them to combat this crime, and provide them with a comprehensive guide of both investigative and victim resources. This item is available to law enforcement personnel only. To obtain a copy, please contact the U.S. Secret Service Criminal Investigative Division at 202-406-9330.
This site offers tools to facilitate investigation and prosecution and to help spot trends. Users can get immediate access to Internet cons, telemarketing scams, other consumer fraud-related complaints, and complaints about fraud from consumers. Law enforcement agents can access Consumer Sentinel through an encrypted Web site to determine whether a reported scheme is local, regional, national, or cross-border.
Police Chief Magazine articles on identity crime
International Association of Chiefs of Police
Identity Theft and the Police Response: The Investigation.
This article, written by a fellow officer, gives clear guidance and advice about identity crime investigations.
Identity Theft Data Clearinghouse
Federal Trade Commission
This site includes the Identity Theft Data Clearinghouse - a national identity theft victim complaint database containing more than 815,000 complaints. It can help law enforcement:
ID Theft Complaint Input Form
If a person believes he or she has been the victim of identity theft, he or she may use this form to send a complaint to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). What information an individual provides is up to him or her. However, if he or she does not provide a name or other information, it may be impossible for the FTC to refer, respond to, or investigate that complaint or request.
National White Collar Crime Center
The NW3C provides a nationwide support system for agencies involved in the prevention, investigation, and prosecution of economic and high-tech crimes. Support includes:
White Collar Crime Training Program
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
This Web site provides a training program that discusses the fundamentals that help identify sophisticated white-collar schemes. Participants will become aware of the variety of white-collar crime schemes perpetrated by criminals. They will also acquire the basic technical skills needed to successfully investigate financial crimes. The curriculum has three major areas:
Training for Investigators – Michigan State Police
This site demonstrates a promising approach at the state police level. This unit investigates and assists federal and local law enforcement agencies with investigating criminal identity theft while providing victims with the resources available to prevent further victimization.
Identity Theft/Crime Legislation and Statutes
National Conference of State Legislators
This site provides summaries including:
Collected Identity Theft Laws—From the Federal Trade Commission
This site provides quick references to:
National Association of Attorney Generals—State Identity Crime Legislation
Provides training on prosecuting cybercrime and access to NAAG’s Cybercrime Newsletter.
National Center for Prosecution of Identity Crime
National District Attorney’s Association
ID Theft Statutory Table (Adobe PDF)
Gives code sections identification, punishments that are prescribed, and whether there is a restitution provision in the ID theft statutes for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Federal Trade Commission
Describes actions that law enforcement can take to help a victim recover from identity crime.
Internet Crime Complaint Center—Public/Private Alliances
A partnership of the FBI and the National White Collar Crime Center
The association with industry partners allows the Internet Crime Complaint Center to capitalize on the information and intelligence received from industry partners to ensure significant cases are developed and referred to law enforcement in an expeditious fashion. The site describes profiles about alliances between industry and government that are a key component for making Internet e-commerce safer for consumers.
Joint Council on Information Age Crime
The JCIAC brings together experts and practitioners in law enforcement, private sector security, government and academia for information sharing, education and research on prevention and solutions to Information Age crime issues (e.g. Win Win Solutions for Public and Private Partnerships). It provides profiles about partnerships between public and private organizations that have successfully led to the prevention and solution of information age crimes.
A National Strategy to Combat Identity Theft - May 2006
Recently released document by the COPS office. This project identify common practices and to develop components that would comprise a national strategy for law enforcement.
Center for Identity Management and Information Protection
Utica College’s Center for Identity Management and Information Protection is a research collaborative dedicated to furthering a national research agenda on identity management, information sharing, and data protection. Founded in June 2006, its ultimate goal is to impact policy, regulation, and legislation, working toward a more secure homeland.
Besides the agencies listed in other resource sections, several federal agencies have a role in identity theft prevention and crime investigation.
U.S. Postal Service
The U.S. Postal Inspection Service needs to be informed and can be involved in the investigation when identity theft and crime involves the U.S. Mail. Locate the nearest office online.
U.S. Secret Service Financial Crimes Division
This Secret Service unit investigates crimes associated with financial institutions. This jurisdiction includes:
Computer Crime & Intellectual Property Section
United States Department of Justice
CCIPS attorneys provide advice to prosecutors on complex issues about computer search and seizure and online and other electronic evidence. CCIPS is also involved in the prosecution of cases involving violations of federal electronic privacy laws. The user can obtain the latest news from the U.S. Department of Justice on federal computer and intellectual property crimes.
|Issue||Title and Link|
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: Identity Theft Tips for College Students
By Liz Barton, Vice President; and Leslie Fogarty, Vice President, Information Protection and Privacy, Bank of America
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: IACP/Bank of America Partnership: Enhancing Law Enforcement Response to Identity Crime
By Stephen White, Chief of Police, Doylestown, Pennsylvania
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: Moving Forward? Identity-Related Crime in the European Arena
By Nicole van der Meulen, Researcher, International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, the Netherlands
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: Identity Theft Trends: Abuse of Social Security Numbers
By Michael McGill, Acting Executive Officer; Jonathan Lasher, Deputy Counsel; Dennis F. Lynch, Deputy Assistant Inspector General for National Investigative Operations; and Steven W. Mason, Deputy Assistant Inspector General for Field Operations, Social Security Administration Office of the Inspector General, Baltimore, Maryland
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: Prevention Is the Best Protection for the U.S. Coast Guard's Ninth District
By Steve Lynch, Legal Assistance Attorney, Ninth Coast Guard District, Cleveland, Ohio
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: The Need to Build on Public-Private Partnerships
By Howard Ommert, Vice President, Global Information Protection Business Continuity, Bank of America
Year of Preventing Identity Crime: A Forensic Approach to Effective Identity Theft Investigations
By Inspector Kevin McQuiggin, Forensic Services Section, Vancouver, British Columbia, Police Department
Tips to Prevent ID Theft During Tax Season
Compiled by Liz Barton, Vice President; and Dana Higgins, Senior Vice President, Information Protection and Privacy, Bank of America
Business Schools: A New Ally in the Fight against Identity Crime
By William Kresse, Assistant Professor and Director of Graduate Programs in Financial Fraud Examination and Management, Graham School of Management, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, Illinois; John Lucki, Detective Sergeant, Financial Crimes Investigation Section, Detective Division, Chicago, Illinois, Police Department; and Kathleen Watland, Assistant Professor and Director of Programs at the Chicago Police Academy, Graham School of Management, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, Illinois
It Can Happen to Anyone—Even Chiefs
By William Berger, Chief of Police, Palm Bay, Florida; and IACP Past President
|Identity Theft Victim Recovery Starts with Local Law Enforcement Agencies
By Joanna Crane, Identity Theft Program Manager, Division of Privacy and Identity Protection, Bureau of Consumer Protection; and Jennifer Leach, Consumer Education Specialist, Bureau of Consumer Protection, Federal Trade Commission, Washington, D.C.
|Dec. 2007||When the Image in the Mirror Is No Longer You: Recovering from Identity Crimes
By Walter B. Donaldson, Certified Fraud Examiner, and Senior Vice President, Investigative Services, Bank of America
|Nov. 2007||The Partnership in Action
By Ron Green, Senior Vice President in Information Security, Bank of America
|The Spread of Identity Theft:Developments and Initiatives within the European Union By Nicole van der Meulen, Researcher, International Victimology Institute Tilburg, the Netherlands
|Thinking Differently About Filing Identity Theft Incidents
By Jonathan Fairtlough, Deputy District Attorney, Los Angeles County High Tech Crime Division, Los Angeles, CA
|A Metropolitan Approach to Identity Theft
By Robert F. Berardi, Sergeant, Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, Whittier, CA
|Identity Theft and Fraud Prevention Program
By David G. Bishop, Chief of Police, Beaverton, OR
|The National Crime Information Center, Identity Theft File
By Vernon M. Keenan, Director and Marsha O’Neal, Criminal Justice Information Systems Operations Manager, Georgia Bureau of Investigation, Decatur, GA
|May 2007||The World is Flat: The 21st Century Reality and What it Means to Law Enforcement
By Peter A. Modafferi, Chief of Detectives, Rockland County District Attorney’s Office, New City, NY
|Mar. 2005||Identity Theft and the Police Response: The Investigation
By By Ed Dadisho, Sergeant, Los Angeles Police Department, Los Angeles, California
|Jan. 2005||Identity Theft and the Police Response: The Problem
By By Ed Dadisho, Sergeant, Los Angeles Police Department, Los Angeles, California