Systemic Strategies

WELLNESS

Sources/Resources

IACP Preventing Law Enforcement Officer Suicide: A Compilation of Resources & Best Practices, 2009
IACP Resolution on Wellness, 2006
Model Program: Public Safety Physical Readiness
IACP Training Key on Police Fatigue
Lessons From a Voluntary Fitness Program
Making a Fitness Program Successful
Police Chief Magazine, Law Enforcement Officer Suicide
Police Chief Magazine, Fit for Duty? The Need for Physical Fitness Programs for Law Enforcement Officers

Stats/Facts

  • 2x- The risk of having a heart attack doubles with each decade of law enforcement service (Police Chief, 2008)
  • 22.3.3 – CALEA directive that adopts the standard of requiring all agencies have a fitness and wellness program
  • 2 to 5 – Average lifespan of an officer after retirement due to poor fitness and high stress (Police Chief, 2008)
  • 20 to 50 - Percent heart disease accounts for all early retirements which can be attributed to a lack of physical activity (Police Chief, 2008)
  • The average fitness level of officers is below general population norms (Police Chief, 2008)
  • Law enforcement officers have a greater morbidity and mortality rate than the general public, due mostly to cardiovascular disease, colon cancer, and suicide (Police Chief, 2008)
  • 6 - Percent of agencies who provide officers an organized in-se rvice physical training program (Violent Encounters, FBI 2006)

CRIME GUNS

Sources/Resources

IACP Gun Violence Reduction Guide, 2011
ATF Firearms Trace Data by State
e-Trace

Stats/Facts

  • 97 – P ercent of firearms used to assault police that were obtained illegally (Violent Encounters, FBI 2006)
  • 0 – Cost for a law enforcement agency to open an e-Trace account through the ATF
  • 50 - Percent of all ATF firearms trafficking investigations involving guns acquired by straw purchasers (Following the Gun: Enforcing Federal Laws Against Firearms Traffickers, ATF 2000)
  • 130 – Yearly average of firearms trafficked by a criminal operating at a gun show (Following the Gun: Enforcing Federal Laws Against Firearms Traffickers, ATF 2000)
  • 350 – Yearly average of firearms trafficked by a licensed dealer who breaks the law (Following the Gun: Enforcing Federal Laws Against Firearms Traffickers, ATF 2000)
  • 343,746 – Number of firearms traced by the National Tracing Center for ATF agents and law enforcement partners globally in 2009 (ATF FY 2009 Fact Sheet)

PRETRIAL

Sources/Resources

IACP Law Enforcement’s Leadership Role in the Pretrial Release and Detention Process
Pretrial Justice Institute
Police-Probation Partnerships: Boston’s Operation Night Light

Stats/Facts

  • 40 – Total number of jurisdictions in the U.S. that allow a court to consider the dangerousness of a defendant when determining pretrial release (IACP Law Enforcement’s Leadership Role in the Pretrial Release and Detention Process, 2011)
  • 2 – Number of countries (United States and the Philippines) who allow the use of private bail bondsmen (IACP Law Enforcement’s Leadership Role in the Pretrial Release and Detention Process, 2011)
  • 2,000,000 – Number of defendants released annually from pretrial detention by approximately 14,000 commercial bail agents throughout the United States (IACP Law Enforcement’s Leadership Role in the Pretrial Release and Detention Process, 2011)

OFFENDERS

Sources/Resources

IACP Probation & Parole: A Primer for LE Officers, 2010
NIJ: Police-Corrections Partnership

Stats/Facts

  • 25 – Percent of all offenders on probation or parole when they killed a law enforcement officer (FBI LEOKA, 2000-2009)
  • 80 – P ercent of offenders who assault police that have previous ly committed weapons violations (Violent Encounters, FBI 2006)
  • 40 – Percent of offenders who assault police that have previously been involved in a shooting (Violent Encounters, FBI 2006)
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