Intelligence-Led Community Policing, Community Prosecution, and Community Partnerships

About the Project:

Intelligence-Led Community Policing, Community Prosecution, and Community Partnerships (IL3CP) is a unique approach to community policing that extends community partnerships to include prosecutorial and community service organizations along with law enforcement. This new model connects the criminal justice system and the community through seamless communication and partnerships.

The foundation for IL3CP is built on the established organizational structure of the Rockland County, New York, District Attorney’s Office (RCDAO) which has tied together the concepts of intelligence led policing, community policing, community prosecution, and community partnerships. The RCDAO focuses on the collection, evaluation, and analysis of information that can identify criminal activity. This intelligence information is used by local, state and federal law enforcement agencies throughout the New York metropolitan area, the state of New York, and in some cases, across the country, to develop plans to prevent/reduce criminal activity. Compstat style meetings are also held with individual police departments and RCDAO personnel to discuss crime trends, ongoing activities, and develop enforcement projects. Through its office-wide philosophy of community prosecution, RCDAO Assistant District Attorneys (ADAs) and RCDAO detectives partner with local law enforcement agencies and community residents to identify problems and formulate solutions. ADAs are assigned to local police agencies where they work cooperatively with police officers, attend local community meetings, and develop relationships with residents to identify and resolve local concerns and crime problems. ADAs also practice vertical prosecution, following all cases from their assigned jurisdictions through the criminal justice system. In addition to vigorous prosecution, ADAs utilize less traditional, problem-solving solutions such as mediation or civil action to resolve cases in a more efficient and expedient manner. Through traditional community policing efforts of local police departments, partnerships are established with citizen groups, non-profit organizations, other government agencies and private companies that have a common interest in reducing crime and community problems. These partnerships connect the community with the entire criminal justice system to establish a collaborative approach and unified response to crime and community problems.

IL3CP has fostered significant across-the-board reductions in serious crime, dramatic in several offense classes, since its inception in 2008. Notably, the initial implementation of IL3CP did not require any additional staff or funding for the RCDAO or local law enforcement agencies in Rockland County. 

The IACP has obtained grant funding from the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), United States Department of Justice to replicate and evaluate the IL3CP model in three pilot cities: Mesa, Arizona; Newport News, Virginia; and Saint Paul, Minnesota. Information obtained from the pilot cities will be analyzed and developed into a toolkit that illustrates the IL3CP model. The toolkit will be used to guide communities through the process of implementing a successful IL3CP model. Delivery of the toolkit is expected in time for the IACP annual conference in October 2012.

Participants from the three pilot cities received training in the IL3CP concept from the RCDAO at the start of the project and will receive additional training as needed throughout the project. Community surveys will also be conducted in each of the cities at both the start and conclusion of the project. The primary objective of the survey will be to determine community perceptions of crime in the communities where the IL3CP project is implemented. IACP staff and representatives from the RCDAO will also conduct site visits to each pilot city to monitor project developments, provide technical resources and assistance, as well as document adjustments, hurdles faced, and lessons learned throughout the project implementation.

About the Project Sites:

Mesa, Arizona
The project area is a community known as the Doran Corridor. It is a densely populated neighborhood of mostly low income families residing in multi-family housing units. There are 274 units owned by a combination of corporations, individuals, and residents in the Doran Corridor. No central management agency exists; rentals are managed by management companies and individual owners. Approximately 1,275 persons reside within this neighborhood. The Doran Corridor has a history of property crimes including residential burglary, theft, vehicle burglary, and robbery. Gang issues and drug and alcohol related crimes are also prevalent in the Doran Corridor.

Links:
Mesa Police Department
Mesa City Prosecutor's Office 
Maricopa County Attorney's Office

News Articles:
Arizona Republic, June 13, 2012. Program Employs Troubled Mesa Teens
http://www.azcentral.com/community/mesa/articles/20120523program-employs-troubled-mesa-teens.html

Arizona Republic, September 17, 2012. Federal program helps Mesa with crime ridden neighborhood
http://www.azcentral.com/community/mesa/articles/20120819mesa-dblock-dead-end-streets-crime.html

March 13, 2013 Maricopa County Attorney Bill Montgomery announces realignment of criminal trial division attorneys based on the success of the IL3CP project in Mesa. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3HJjduhcsBs

March 26, 2013, Arizona Republic. Mesa crime rates fall to 'historic' lows. http://www.azcentral.com/community/mesa/articles/20130326mesa-crime-rates-fall-to-historic-lows.html

April 3, 2013 Maricopa County Attorney Bill Montgomery releases video describing positive results of the IL3CP project in Mesa. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btGJTNSRjtk

Newport News, Virginia
The project area is an area which combines a community known as Marshall Courts and a privately owned apartment complex known as Seven Oaks Apartment. Both areas are divided by a roadway, and as a result share a lot of the same concerns. Marshall Courts is a public housing complex comprised of 389 townhome style residences. The complex is managed by the Newport News Redevelopment and Housing Authority with funding provided by the U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Housing Choice Voucher Program. At the onset of this project, 349 rental units were occupied and 40 units were under renovation. Approximately 934 persons reside within the Marshall Courts community. Seven Oaks Apartments consists of one- and two-bedroom units that are privately owned. Crimes associated with drug distribution, robbery, assaults, and property crimes are the most common incidents in Marshall Courts. Quality of life crimes including loitering, littering, and disorderly conduct are also common in the community.

Links
Newport News Police Department
Newport News Commonwealth's Attorney's Office

News Articles:
The Economist.  March 3, 2012. Policing Drug Sales, cleaning up the ‘hood
http://www.economist.com/node/21548989

Daily Press. August 6, 2012. Newport News police use community building approach to fight neighborhood crime.
http://www.dailypress.com/news/crime/dp-nws-newport-news-community-policing-0804-20120806,0,5340444.story

Daily Press.  August 7, 2012
Newport News prosecutor's office realigns staff to better serve community
http://www.dailypress.com/news/newport-news/dp-nws-police-initiative-20120807,0,5329276.story

Daily Press. August 11, 2012
Editorial: Safety requires initiative
Citizens and police are most effective when they join hands to fight crime
http://www.dailypress.com/news/opinion/dp-edt-communitypolicing-editorial-20120811,0,5551128.story

Saint Paul, Minnesota

The project area is a combination of six connected police grids in the Eastern Police District and is comprised of approximately 3,200 residences. Approximately 16,533 persons reside within the project area. The neighborhood is very diverse, with Hispanic, Hmong, and Somali ethnic groups comprising the majority of the population. The project area has had historically high rates of crime associated with violence, motor vehicle thefts, and quality of life crimes.

Links
Saint Paul Police Department
Saint Paul City Attorney's Office
Ramsey County Attorney's Office

News Articles:

Star Tribune, May 13, 2013. St. Paul police expanding summer curfew program. http://www.startribune.com/local/east/207310441.html

Eastside Review, January 29, 2012. SPPD to Payne-Phalen: How are we doing? http://www.eastsidereviewnews.com/content/sppd-payne-phalen-how-are-we-doing-0#.UsbdgWYo5aR

Eastside Review, March 26, 2012. Survey Says…
http://www.eastsidereviewnews.com/content/survey-says#.Usbd42Yo5aR

Star Tribune, April 23, 2012.  St. Paul takes East Side kids under its wing
http://www.startribune.com/local/stpaul/148462645.html?page=all&prepage=2&c=y#continue

Additional Resources:

Rockland County District Attorney Garners National Recognition for Successful Community Prosecution Innovations

Community Prosecution: A Decade into the 21st Century . Association of Prosecuting Attorneys

Lex Quod Ordo. Association of Prosecuting Attorneys (newsletter)

Remarks of Laurie Robinson, Assistant Attorney General, Office of Justice Programs. National Community Prosecution Conference. September 2010.

"The World is Flat: The 21st-Century Reality and What It Means to Law Enforcement". Pete Modaferri, Police Chief Magazine, May 2007.

Contact

Richard Lisko
800-843-4227 x 234

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